d_kishkinev (d_kishkinev) wrote,

Вот говорят, что религиозный консерватизм усилил свое положение

за последние несколько десятилетий в США, некоторых европейских странах, в исламском мире и в России. 

Мое внутреннее чувство это подтверждает, но на основе жизни и в России в 1990-х - 2000-х гг.. Однако встают вопросы:

- можно ли это где-то в цифрах увидеть? если у кого-то есть ссылки (опросы, социолог. исследования) был бы признателен.

- с чем это может быть связано? у меня есть несколько идей, но хотел бы услышать другие мнения.

PS Есть конечно ряд книг на эту тему. Вот, к примеру:

The Desecularization of the World   Resurgent Religion and World Politics Edited by George Weigel, Peter Berger

For two centuries theorists of "secularization" have been saying that religion must inevitably decline in the modern world. But much of the world today is as religious as ever. This volume challenges the belief that the modern world is increasingly secular; showing that while modernization does have secularizing effects, it also provokes a reaction that more often strengthens religion. Seven expert social observers examine several geopolitical regions and several religions--Catholic and Protestant Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Islam--and explore the resurgence of religion in world affairs.

Но по отзывам книга не выдающаяся.

Википедия нам говорит, что 

At present, secularization as understood in the West, is being debated in the sociology of religion. Some scholars (e.g. Rodney Stark, Peter Berger) have argued that levels of religiosity are not declining, while other scholars (e.g. Mark Chaves, N. J. Demerath) have countered by introducing the idea of neo-secularization, which broadens the definition of secularization to include the decline of religious authority.

In other words, rather than using the proportion of irreligious apostates as the sole measure of secularity, neo-secularization argues that individuals increasingly look outside of religion for authoritative positions. Neo-secularizationists would argue that religion has diminishing authority on issues such as birth control, and argue that religion's authority is declining and secularization is taking place even if religious affiliation may not be declining in the U.S. (a debate still taking place).

Many contemporary theorists have critiqued secularisation thesis, arguing that religion has continued to play a vital role in the lives of individuals worldwide. In the United States, in particular, church attendance has remained relatively stable in the past 40 years. In Africa, the emergence of Christianity has occurred at a startling rate. While Africa could claim roughly 10 million Christians in 1900, recent estimates put that number closer to 200 million. The rise of Islam as a major world religion, especially its new-found influence in the West, is another significant development. Furthermore, arguments may be presented regarding the concept of civil religion and new world belief systems. In short, presupposed secularization as a decline in religiosity might seem to be a myth, depending on its definition and the definition of its scope. For instance, some sociologists have argued that steady church attendance and personal religious belief may coexist with a decline in the influence of religious authorities on social or political issues.
Tags: society

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